The EU Settlement Scheme is a free process by which EU nationals who are resident in the UK can apply for pre-settled status (also known as limited leave to remain) or settled status (also known as indefinite leave to remain).
Obtaining settled status, which is granted to EU nationals who can show that they have lived in the UK for at least five years, means that the individual is free from immigration control and does not have to make any further immigration applications (as long as they do not leave the UK for more than five consecutive years, or four years for Swiss citizens). Those with settled status have the same rights to live, work, healthcare and welfare as UK citizens.
EU nationals who have not lived in the UK for five years can obtain pre-settled status. They will have to make a further, free, application under the EU Settlement Scheme for settled status once they have lived in the UK for five years (if they wish to remain). While they have presettled status, they have the right to live, work and healthcare in the UK.
Those with pre-settled or settled status can view and provide evidence of their status via an online tool.